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a sport in which participants using the sports map and compass must go through the checkpoints (KP), located on the ground. The results, as a rule, determined according to the time of passing the distance (in certain cases subject to the time penalty) or the number of points.
The orienteering competitions are held in different groups that can be formed on the basis of age and skill level of participants. The complexity distance and its length are determined by age group and complexity of the area of the competition. The distance (route) should be familiar to all participants, combining the difficulties that an athlete can overcome, having the ability to navigate and good physical fitness
In Russia the Federation of orienteering in Russia, carried out mass competitions "the Russian azimuth".
Russian athletes firmly established in the elite of world orienteering, won many medals of the highest dignity on all types of orienteering at the highest levels. Here are just a few of the first achievements from the history of domestic sports:
Women's relay team with the silver medals of the world championship 2008. Left to right: T. Ryabkin, Y. Novikov, G. Vinogradov
In 1994 Ivan Kuzmin became the first Russian orientirovana who won the world Cup. It was at the world Championships in ski orienteering in Italy, at the distance of the sprint. Subsequently, Ivan Kuzmin was the first of Russian orienteers was awarded the title of Honored master of sports of Russia.
At the 2006 world Championships in Denmark (Aarhus) Russian men's team consisting of Novel Efimov, Andrey Khramov and Valentin Novikov for the first time in Russian history, won the gold medal in the relay, repeating this achievement in 2007 with the same team at the world Cup in Ukraine (Kyiv).
At the world championship in the Czech Republic in 2008 Andrey Khramov won the gold medal in the sprint, ahead of Swiss Daniel Hubman only 2 seconds.
In 2011 in France, Dmitry Kucherenko became the first Russian world champion in trail orienteering.
The Academy of winter sports (the core rainbow).
The ability and skills of orienteering has been used since the Ancient World, however, legitimate to start with a review of historical facts from military events in Northern Europe. The origin of orienteering as a sport is usually attributed to the late nineteenth century, when they began to hold competitions between military garrisons in Sweden, Norway, UK.
The first public orienteering event was held on 31 October 1897 sports club Tale about Oslo (Norway). The real birth of the modern orienteering occurred in 1918. Major Ernst Killander, President of the Stockholm Amateur athletic Association, decided to use the natural environment of the Swedish countryside for a new sport based on his military experience. He came up with competitions in cross country, where the runners are not just running, but also had to find and choose their own routes using map and compass.