The descent from the snow-covered slopes on special skis. Sport and a popular form of recreation for millions of people around the world. Traditionally most developed in countries such as Austria, Italy, France, Switzerland, USA, Germany. The birthplace of winter sports the Alps are, in most languages the name of this species means "Alpine skiing"
In the early 1900-ies in Russia appeared "Lyubertsy-miners", who, during skiing sometimes fond of coasting speed, and later skating, that is, descents with turns, named hereinafter slalom.
In 1923 the Moscow skiers Zhemchuzhnikov, Ermakov, Skulls, Egorov, Popov brothers etc. organized at the Moscow Council of physical education first ski section, the Secretary of which, until its merger in 1928 with the plains section was A. Zhemchuzhnikov.
In 1934 in Sverdlovsk passed the first championship of the country, whose program was only one kind of slalom for men. Only after 5 years to compete in the slalom made women.
The Academy of winter sports (the core rainbow).
Originated in Norway in the nineteenth century. It is believed that the world's first ski club was founded by lyubezni enthusiasts of downhill in 1875 in Christiania (now Oslo, capital of Norway). The first competition took place in the late XIX century near Christiania (Oslo) between the inhabitants of this city and the residents of the village of Telemark. By the beginning of XX century, has spread in Europe, America and Asia. Ski competitions in the Alps, carried out in 1905.
In 1911, in Switzerland hosted the first international competition, and in 1922 developed the first official rules of competitions in slalom and downhill. Skiing is part of the International ski Federation, who in 1930 adopted the decision on holding the world Championships. The first world championship was held in 1931 in Mürren (Switzerland) in two disciplines — slalom and downhill with the participation of both men and women. With 1932 added the Alpine combined.
In the Olympics the skiers managed to get only on the fourth attempt: at the winter Games 1936 in Garmisch-Partenkirchen 756 participants from 28 countries competed in the first Olympic medal in the slalom, downhill and combination.