The kind of skating sport. In some competitions athletes (usually 4-8: the greater the distance, the more athletes in the race) at the same time rolling on the oval ice track length of 111,12 m.
In Russia, short track appeared relatively recently — in February 1985, when in the competition program of the world Universiade, held in Italy, the classic distance was suddenly replaced by running on a short track. Our skaters had a very vague idea of what it is the short track. The first races they were watching from the stands.
The first launch of our skaters remained in the memory. By the starter 8 skaters wearing helmets, knee pads, and elbow pads in bright overalls wanted to be in the way.
Sports school of Olympic reserve in speed skating
Skating requires a dedicated stadium (international competitions adopted a track length of 400 m) in length this stadium more than a football field. For short track-kind concubinage sport-requires normal hockey "box" with special markings.
In the early twentieth century in the United States and Canada formed a new, more democratic kind of racing on skates .In 1967, the international skating Union (ISU) adopted under the auspices of the short track, though did not organize international competitions until 1976 world Championships have been held since 1981 (though the previous competitions later also received that status). The first European championship in short track was held in 1997 in malmö (Sweden). Since 1999, held the world Cup. At the 1988 Olympics in calgary, short track was a demonstration sport. Fully accepted in the Olympic family, it was only in 1992. and since then is an integral part of the white Olympics. In Vancouver were played 8 sets of Olympic medals in short track.
The short track in Russia began with the participation in the Universiade in 1985 in Belluno (Italy). The first USSR championship was held in 1988. In their homeland — in the U.S. and Canada short-track has become more popular than classic speed skating.
At the 2014 Olympic Winter games in Sochi, Viktor Ahn (Ahn Hyun-soo) won three gold medals: two individual races at 1000 and 500 meters and third in the relay race, 5000 meters. Thus, Viktor Ahn became the only six-time Olympic champion in short track.